您现在的位置: 华慧网 >> 考博英语 >> 医学考博 >> 医学考博必读 >> 正文

2018年医学考博英语复习重点语法之完全倒装

http://kaobo.b2cedu.com  2017-7-21  来源:本站原创  作者:佚名

考博备考复习交流QQ群:176325252 2016考博复习交流群

2018年医学考博英语复习重点语法之完全倒装

 

在医学考博英语中,倒装是一种比较常见的一种语法结构,华慧考博为考生整理了医学考博英语语法考点,希望考生能够更加清楚的了解倒装的语法结构。

倒装用于表示一定的句子结构或强调某一句子成分。倒装句有两种:完全倒装和部分倒装。

 

完全倒装

1) 完全倒装即把整个谓语放到主语之前(是整个谓语动词,而非助动词)

例如:The teacher came in and the class began.(没有倒装)

In came the teacher and the class began. (老师走了进来,然后开始上课。)

2) there引出的完全倒装句:除了最常见的there be句型以外,there还可以接appear, exist, lie, remain, seem to be, stand等,一般都译成""的含义,构成完全倒装句。

例如:There appeared to be a man in black in the distance.(远处有个穿黑色衣服的人。)

3) 由地点和时间副词引出的完全倒装句:以地点副词here, there和时间副词now, then 开头,后面的动词是be, come, exist, fall, follow, go, lie, remain, seem, stand等,而主语又是名词时,构成完全倒装句。Up climbed the boy when his mother came.

4)表示运动方向的副词或地点状语置于句首,谓语表示运动的动词且主语是名词时使用完全倒装

5)在强调状语时1)当句首状语为方位词或拟声词,谓语动词为go, come等表示位置转移的动词时句子须倒装。例如:

1 Up went the plane.

2 In came the chairman and the meeting began.

注:如果主语是代词则不发生倒装。例如:

1 Out they rushed!

2 Lower and lower he bent.

(2) 当句首状语为表示地点的介词词组时,句子须倒装。例如:

1 Round the corner walked a large policeman.

2Under the table was lying a half-conscious young man.

3 当句首状语由“only +副词”,“only +介词词组”,“only +状语从句”构成时,句子须倒装。例如:

1 Only yesterday did he find out that his watch was missing. (不属于完全倒装)

2 Only because there were some cancelled bookings did he get some tickets in the end.

(6)当句首状语为here, there, now, then等时,句子须倒装,主语是代词时,句子不用倒装。例如:

1)Here is a ticket for you.

2)Now comes your turn.

3)Here he comes.

(7)以关联词so (that)开头的句子中,句子须倒装。例如:

1)So small was the mark that I could hardly see it.

2)So quickly did the workmen finish their work that they were given a bonus.

3)So much does he worry about his financial position that he cant sleep at night.

注:在该结构中,“so +形容词”是表语的前置;so +副词”是状语的前置。

.在直接引语之后

在叙事性书面语中,直接引语后常跟asked Mary, answered John, said the old lady, grunted Peter之类的词语。在这些

词语中,动词常的主语之前,主语是代词时,不用倒装。例如:

1)What do you mean?asked Henry.

2)What do you mean?he asked.

. often, many a time等表示频度的状语置于句首时

例如:Often did they think of going there, but they never had a chance.

12.as, though引导的让步状语从句中

as, though引导的让步状语从句中,一般将形容词、副词或名词等置于句首。例如:

1)Small as the atom is, we can smash it.

2)Big as the workpiece is, it is turned out with

Out rushed a missile from under the bomber. 轰炸机肚底下窜出一枚导弹。

Out he rushed.

注意:

1) here, there引出的倒装句中,当主语是普通名词时用完全倒装句,但当主语是代词时,就要用部分倒装句。

例:Here comes the postman!(邮递员终于来了!注意实意谓语动词位于主语之前。)

Here we are.(我们到了。注意系动词位于主语代词之后。)

2) 当主语是代词,谓语是系动词,表语是说明性的词、词组和定语从句时,可以使用完全倒装句,起强调作用。

例:Lucky is he who has been enrolled into a famous university.(他真幸运,被一所名牌大学录取了。)

Typical for China is the crosstalk show where a pair of comedians entertains the audience with word play.(中国典型的是相声表演,两个喜剧演员通过文字游戏逗乐观众)

 

相关推荐:

1、【医学】2018年考博英语辅导VIP通关班

2、2018年考博英语辅导VIP通关班

3、考博英语复习指导资料大宝库

4、华慧考博英语名师微讲堂,点击免费听课!

5【最新】华慧考博英语课程手机端听课平台上线啦!

6【最新】华慧考博英语10000汇APP在线版上线啦!

考博备考复习交流QQ群:176325252 2016考博复习交流群

浏览次数:

相关资讯 最新资讯 导学案例 作文批改 学员答疑

精品课程推荐

考博英语误区分析

一周热点

医学考博 报考指南 最新动态

论坛热帖

资料共享 名师谈 备考日记