华慧:考博英语听力文本材料如何分析?

2022-09-07 09:34点击次数:486

华慧:考博英语听力文本材料如何分析?
考博英语练习听力时,你是否听听力时什么也听不懂,但是一看文本材料就秒懂了?这说明我们的听说能力欠缺,阅读能力还不错。那么怎样高效利用听力文本材料来提升我们的听说能力呢?下面华慧考博老师根据一篇医学统考真题文本为例来讲一讲如何分析文本。
一、分析录音员的断句和意群停顿。很多考生单个单词发音标准,但是每个单词的停顿时间都是一样的,这样所听的意思是分散的,就势必跟不上说话人的速度和节奏。
M: Can you stay focused //for the full six minutes? Sounds easy? Maybe not,// because today we're talking about our attention spans:// are they shrinking?
W: Yes, a report said //the average human attention span has fallen //to just eight seconds.
M: Can that be true? Goldfish reportedly have an attention span //of nine seconds. Human attention span is now shorter// than that of a goldfish?
W: Yes. Smartphones, the internet, social media-these all certainly do take up a lot of our attention.
M: OK, but some psychologists said //for someone// distracted by their smartphone //or// wanting to quickly Google something,// it doesn't mean //that they don't have the ability// to control and sustain their attention //when they carry out another task.
意群停顿总结:与语法相关,需要在介词,连词,非谓语动词以及标点符号之处断句停顿。

二、分析重音。一般会在实词(动词,名词,形容词,副词和数词)重读,虚词(介词,连词,冠词,代词)弱读。有时为了强调,也会在个别虚词处重读。
M: Can you stay focused //for the full six minutes? Sounds easy? Maybe not,// because today we're talking about our attention spans:// are they shrinking?
W: Yes, a report said //the average human attention span has fallen //to just eight seconds.
M: Can that be true? Goldfish reportedly have an attention span //of nine seconds. Human attention span is now shorter// than that of a goldfish?
W: Yes. Smartphones, the internet, social media-these all certainly do take up a lot of our attention.
M: OK, but some psychologists said //for someone// distracted by their smartphone //or// wanting to quickly Google something,// it doesn't mean //that they don't have the ability// to control and sustain their attention //when they carry out another task.
黑体字为重读,其实如果我们只读黑体字部分也是能明白对话大意和思路的,所以听力不是每个词都要听懂,而是要听懂关键词。

三、分析语音现象(连读失爆等),并要根据音频进行模仿跟读,练习熟练语音语调,连读弱读,让正确的发音成为我们朗读的一种习惯。
M: Can you stay focused //for the full six minutes? Sounds easy? Maybe not,// because today we're talking about our attention spans:// are they shrinking?
W: Yes, a report said //the average human attention span has fallen //to just eight seconds.
M: Can that be true? Goldfish reportedly have an attention span //of nine seconds. Human attention span is now shorter// than that of a goldfish?
W: Yes. Smartphones, the internet, social media-these all certainly do take up a lot of our attention.
M: OK, but some psychologists said //for someone// distracted by their smartphone //or// wanting to quickly Google something,// it doesn't mean //that they don't have the ability// to control and sustain their attention //when they carry out another task.
值得注意的是,这些连读,弱读发音技巧可以进行了解,但不是全部。因为英语重点是意群的合理停顿和音调的起伏变化才是最影响我们听懂的因素。
当分析完以上三方面后,我们就可以根据录音进行模仿跟读了,让正确的发音熟练朗读达到脱口而出,不用听到后反应中文意思,下次再听类似的句子就能听懂了。

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